Design

Research

The Greenscale Research Project

Launched in the fall of 2009, I initiated the interdisciplinary Green Scale Research Project (GSRP) to study the broader impacts of the materials and methods used in the construction of buildings and to discover new methods and tools to advance the design of a more sustainable built environment. One of the outcomes of the GSRP is the development the GreenScale Tool (GST), a novel digital design and analysis tool capable of carrying out multi-metric analysis throughout the design process, from concept – when many of the most impactful decisions are made – to construction. The GST is an operational prototype plug-in for Revit™ which utilizes GSRP analytical models, including the enhanced thermal model, BEAM, developed for the GST, for evaluating the interrelated concerns of thermal performance and material embodied energy throughout the design process – multi-metric functionality currently not possible in any other analysis tool.

However, in order to transform the way that buildings and infrastructure are designed today and to ensure a more sustainable built environment – and future – we need a transformative approach, one that leverages the full body of data, knowledge, and expertise that is literally embedded in the built world. We need better tools, but we also need enhanced infrastructures for data and knowledge acquisition, discovery and sharing between communities so collective knowledge, experience and more importantly data, can be pooled and accessed widely.

Tool(s)

The GST is an operational prototype plug-in for Revit™ which utilizes GSRP analytical models, including the enhanced thermal model, BEAM, developed for the GST, for evaluating the interrelated concerns of thermal performance and material embodied energy throughout the design process – multi-metric functionality currently not possible in any other analysis tool.
Related grants: FRSP '11 | FRSP '12

Publications, Presentations & Products | Preview Tool pdf

Data Methods & Frameworks

In this area we are developing unique pattern languages – or ontologies – to accelerate the discovery and sharing of building design data and information. This work is based upon the adoption of Linked Open Data principles and the development of novel frameworks that use and leverage web-based strategies to streamline the creation and discovery of building information and design data.
Related grants: ND-ENERGY | Kuert

Publications, Presentations & Products

Decision Support/Theory

Once more reliable data can be more efficiently and effectively accessed by architects via GSRP tools, methods, and frameworks, we are meanwhile developing advanced computational tools to assist in decision-making. These computational environments involve Decision Support in the form of rules engines that capture and create knowledge to add machine support to the building design process.
Related grants: NSF

Publications, Presentations & Products

Publications, Presentations & Products by area

Tool(s)

The GreenScale Tool

Buccellato, Aimee P. C., Charles Vardeman II, Samuel Paolucci, Holly Ferguson, and Na Yu. May 1, 2015. “The GreenScale Digital Design and Analysis Tool.” Deployable Beta-phase prototype tool.: ND Center forResearch Computing (CRC).
Preview Tool pdf | User Documentation pdf

Provisional Patent/ Invention Disclosure #12-033
Green Scale: A Design and Analysis Tool for Sustainable Buildings.
Primary Inventor: Aimee P. C Buccellato; Co-inventor: C. Vardeman.
Filed: February 7, 2012; March 16, 2013
Office of Technology Transfer, University of Notre Dame (T. Joyce)

    2016
  • Buccellato, Aimee P.C., Charles Vardeman II, and Holly Ferguson. June 15-18. “Design and Praxis in the Post-Digital Era.” Proceedings of the 10th Joint International Conference of the European Association for Architectural Education (EAAE) and Architectural Research Centers Consortium (ARCC). Lisbon, Portugal: Taylor & Francis. (in press)
    View Article pdf
  • 2012
  • Invited Presentation: “Measurement of Ecological Impact of Building Materials, Methods & Technologies.” October 5. Pre-Seed Commercialization Workshop, Indiana. North Central Indiana Small Business Development Center and the City of South Bend Chamber of Commerce. Venture Team: Aimee Buccellato (lead), Charles Vardeman (CRC-ND), Tim Joyce (ND OTT), Alan Steele, Michael Watkins, Sam Jones, David Hughes, Dean Schaetzl.
  • Invited Presentation: “Responsible Technology.” Research Pecha Kucha Western Region Wood Building Workshop. March 30. Integrated Technology in Architecture Center (ITAC). University of Utah.
  • “An interview with Gene Stowe: Aiming for Success: Pre-Seed Workshop Puts Entrepreneurs in the Driver’s Seat.” South Bend Tribune. C1: October 1, 2012.
  • 2010
  • E. B. Solomont, “Divine Recycling: New York Church Moving to Atlanta – Piece by Piece.” Mother Nature Network. June 23, 2010.
    View article

Data Methods & Frameworks

Principal Investigator and Workshop Lead
Center for Sustainability Data Research (CSDR) initiative WORKSHOPS

Workshop 1: Sustainability Data Community Forum
July 15-17, Chicago, Illinois
Workshop info pdf | Proceedings pdf

Workshop 2: Annual Fall Meeting of the Spatial Ontology Community of Practice
November 10-11, National Science Foundation (NSF), Arlington, Virginia

From Workshop 1: Dr. Melissa Bilec from the Swanson School of Engineering at the University of Pittsburg and CSDR-ND participant; Jitin Kain, Director of Planning, City of South Bend; Danielle Potts, ORISE Fellow of the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5

    2015
  • Randy Deutsch. 2015. “Chapter 3: Learning from Data, Case Study Interview with Aimee Buccellato and Appendix: Experts, Innovators, and Thought Leaders.” In Data Driven Design and Construction: 25 Strategies for Capturing, Analyzing, and Applying Building Data. John Wiley and Sons.
    View Book Chapter pdf
  • Vardeman II, Charles, Adila Krisnadhi, Michelle Cheatham, Krystof Janowicz, Holly Ferguson, Pascal Hitzler, and Aimee P. C. Buccellato. 2015. “An Ontology Design Pattern and Its Use Case for Modeling Material Transformation.” Semantic Web Journal.
    View Article pdf
  • 2014
  • Vardeman, Charles, Adila A. Krisnadhi@, Michelle Cheatham@, Krzysztof Janowicz, Holly Ferguson@, Pascal Hitzler, Aimee P. C. Buccellato, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan@, Gary Berg-Cross, and Torsten Hahmann. October 19. "An ontology design pattern for material transformation." Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Ontology and Semantic Web Patterns-Volume 1302, 73-77. Riva del Garda, Italy: CEUR-WS.org, 2014.
    *Awarded Best Paper at the 2014 International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC)
    View Article pdf
  • 2013
  • Buccellato, Aimee P.C., and Charles Vardeman II. October 24-25. “The Practice of Architecture in the Fourth Paradigm.” Proceedings of the 2013 Fall Conference of the American Institute of Architects: Forefront: Architects as Collaborative Leaders. Salt Lake City, Utah: American Institute of Architects.

Decision Support/Theory

    2016
  • Buccelllato, Aimee P. C., Charles Vardeman II, and Holly Ferguson. May 17. “The Future of Design and Practice in the Post-Digital Era.” Proceedings of Intersections between the Academy and Practice: Innovative Technologies In Design and Delivery. The 2016 ACSA / AIA Intersections Symposium at the 2016 Annual Convention of the American Institute of Architects (AIA). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (in press)
    View Article pdf
  • 2015
  • Ferguson, Holly@, Charles Vardeman II, and Aimee P. C. Buccellato. April 12-15. “Capturing an Architectural Knowledge Base Utilizing Rules Engine Integration for Energy and Environmental Simulations.” Proceedings of the Symposium on Simulation for Architecture & Urban Design, 17-24. Washington, D. C.: Society for Computer Simulation International.
    View Article pdf

Other GreenScale Publications

    2016
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C. and Marc Gazda. July 10-13. “Case Studies to Understand the Impact of Local Materials on Embodied Energy.” Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Passive Low Energy Architecture (PLEA) Conference, 1154-1160. Los Angeles, California.
    View Article pdf
  • 2015
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C. 2015. “The Responsibility of Technology versus the Technology of Responsibility.” In Durability in Construction: Traditions and Sustainability in the 21st Century, edited by Richard Economakis. Papadakis Press.
    View Book Chapter pdf
  • 2013
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C., and Megan Reineccius. October 17-19. “Exploring Vernacular East African Architecture: Lessons for the Modern World.” Proceedings of the ACSA 4th Biennial Subtropical Cities Conference, Braving a New World: Design Interventions for Changing Climates. Florida Atlantic University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida: Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture.
    View Article pdf
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C., and Kaitlyn Veenstra. April 11-13. “Whole Building Re-Use – It Adds Up.” Proceedings of the 2013 Reclaim + Remake Symposium. Catholic University of America School of Architecture and Planning, Washington, D. C.
    View Article pdf
  • 2012
  • Buccellato, Aimee P.C., and Kaitlyn Veenstra. June 20-22. “Case Studies in Sustainable Design and the Motivation for Enhanced Methods and Tools to Measure Environmental Impact.” Proceedings of the ACSA International Conference: CHANGE: Architecture, Education, Practices. Barcelona, Spain: Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture.
    View Article pdf
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C., Robert Duke, and Kaitlyn Veenstra. June 28-30. “Material Matters.” Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Built Environments: Emerging Economies, 119-126. Sao Paulo, Brazil: International Council for Research and Innovation in Building Construction (CIB).
    View Article pdf
  • Esteban, Whitley, and Aimee P. C. Buccellato. June 27-30. “Building Tomorrow: A Sustainable Future Starts in the Classroom.” Proceedings of the Sustainable Futures Conference, Architecture and Urbanism in the Global South, 238-243. Kampala, Uganda.
    View Article pdf
  • 2011
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C. April 29-30. “Quantifying Sustainable Design: Select Case Studies.” Proceedings of the 2011 Building Enclosure Sustainability Symposium, 127-135. California Polytechnic University, Pomona, California: Tyler Tucker.
    View Article pdf
  • 2010
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C. November 3-5. “Responsible Technology: The Green Scale Research Project.” Proceedings of the 2010 Creating_Making Forum, 113-120. The University of Oklahoma College of Architecture, Norman, Oklahoma: The University of Oklahoma Press.
    View Article pdf
  • 2009
  • Buccellato, Aimee P. C. August 6-9. “Doing Better With What We Have.” Proceedings of the 2009 Building Technology Educators (BTES) Conference: Assembling Architecture, 89-96. The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico. (Invited Plenary panel.)
    View Article pdf

GreenScale-related Grant Activity

Awarded

    2015
  • A Green Resilience Framework to Support the Design of Sustainable Buildings under Multiple Hazards
    National Science Foundation
    Program: Structures Architecture and Engineering
    PI: T. Kijewski-Correa (CEEES) 25%; Co-PI: A. Buccellato (ARCH) 25%, A. Taflanidis (CEEES) 25%, C. F. Vardeman, II (CSE) 25%
    Competitive
    Awarded: $398,883
    September 2015 – August 2018
    View Proposal pdf
  • 2014
  • Case Studies of the Environmental Performance of Concrete and Emerging Paving Materials
    Sponsored Research: Kuert Concrete Company and Xeri-Pave, Inc.
    Program: Structures Architecture and Engineering
    PI: A. Buccellato
    Competitive
    Awarded: $2,648
    May 2014 – March 2015
    View Proposal pdf | Kuert LCA White Paper pdf | Xeri-Pave/ Kuert LCA White Paper pdf
  • 2013
  • Center for Sustainable Data Research – Notre Dame
    Center for Sustainable Energy – Notre Dame (cSEND)
    Sustainable Energy Initiative, Round 6, Track 1
    Awarded: $29,800 (cost-share: School of Architecture & Dept. of Computer Science)
    Competitive
    PI: A. Buccellato (ARCH) 60%; Co-PI: Jarek Nabrzyski (CSE, CRC); D. Hachen (SOC); T. Kijewski-Correa (CEEES); N. Meyers (Libraries); C. Vardeman (CSE, CRC) 30%
    View Proposal pdf | Workshop info pdf | Proceedings pdf
  • Center for Sustainable Data Research – Notre Dame
    Institute for the Study of Liberal Arts (ISLA)
    Small Research Grant
    Awarded: $2,500 (included in cost-sharing above)
    PI: D. Hachen (SOC); Co-PI: A. Buccellato (ARCH), Jarek Nabrzyski (CSE, CRC), T. Kijewski-Correa (CEEES); N. Meyers (Libraries); C. Vardeman (CSE, CRC)
    View Proposal pdf
  • 2012
  • The GreenScale: A New Digital Design and Analysis Tool for Sustainable Building
    Office of Research Faculty Research Support Program: Regular Grant
    PI: A. Buccellato; Co-PI: S. Paolucci (AME); C. Vardeman II (CRC)
    Competitive
    Awarded: $98,523
    May 2012 - May 2015
    View Proposal pdf | Preview the GreenScale Tool pdf
  • 2011
  • The GreenScale: A New Digital Design and Analysis Tool for Sustainable Building
    The McCloskey Business Plan Competition
    Gigot Center for Entrepreneurship, Mendoza College of Business, Univ. of Notre Dame
    Multiple Award Submission – Advanced to Round 2
    Finalist – Fellow Irish Social Hub (NDFISH) Research & Design
    Competitive
    PI: A. Buccellato; Co-PI: C. Vardeman II (CRC); R. Duke; M. Parker (ND-ESTEEM 2012)
  • Quantifying Truly Sustainable Design: The Green Scale Research Project
    Faculty Research Support Program: Initiation Grant
    PI: A. Buccellato
    Competitive
    Awarded: $10,000
    January 2011 - January 2012
    View Proposal pdf | Final Research Report pdf

Submitted, not awarded

    2014
  • The Green Resilience Framework: Multi-Criteria Decision Support for the Design of Sustainable Buildings under Multiple Hazards
    National Science Foundation
    Program: Decision Frameworks for Multi-Hazard Resilient and Sustainable Buildings
    PI: T. Kijewski-Correa (CEEES); Co-PI: A. Kennedy (CEEES), A. Buccellato, J. Nabrzyski (CSE), A. Taflanidis (CEEES)
    Views Proposal pdf
  • SeSBE: Semantics-supported Sustainability in the Built Environment
    National Science Foundation
    Program: CyberSEES
    PI: J. Nabrzyski (CSE); Co-PI: C. Vardeman (CSE), A. Buccellato, T. Kijewski-Correa (CEEES)
  • 2013
  • Integrated Design of Energy-Efficient Adaptive Living Structures
    National Science Foundation
    INSPIRE Program
    PI: Mihir Sen (AME); Co-PI: P. Antsaklis (AME); A. Buccellato (ARCH); S. Paolucci (AME); A. Thrall (CEEES)
    Views Proposal pdf
  • OntoGreen: A Novel Cyber-infrastructure to Support Sustainable Building Design
    National Science Foundation
    CyberSEES Program
    PI: Jarek Nabrzyski (CSE, CRC); Co-PI: A. Buccellato (ARCH); D. Hachen (SOC); T. Kijewski-Correa (CEEES)
    Views Proposal pdf
  • 2011
  • The GreenScale Research Project at the University of Notre Dame: Developing and Deploying a New Digital Design and Analysis Tool for Sustainable Building
    The Graham Foundation for the Arts
    PI: A. Buccellato
    Views Proposal pdf
  • 2009
  • Building-Integrated Information Technology: A Unified Engineering and Architectural Framework for Sustainable Design
    National Science Foundation: EFRI-SEED Research Projects
    PI: A. Buccellato
    PI: D. Go (AME); Co-PI: M. Lemmon (EE); P. Brenner (CRC); A. Buccellato
    Views Proposal pdf

GreenScale-related Courses

    2009-
  • ARCH 67611 Special Research in Sustainable Design and Building Technology
  • 2011
  • Design VI/ ARCH 41121 Interdisciplinary Research and Design Studio Collaborative Studio
    R. Smith, University of Utah Integrated Technology and ArchitectureCenter
    Notre Dame Departments of Biological Sciences and Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
    Environmental Change Initiative, ND
    St. Patrick’s County Park

GreenScale-related Research Advising

Undergraduate

    2013
  • Reineccius, M. “Exploring East African Vernacular Architecture: Lessons for the Modern World.” Thesis, International Development Minor, 2014.
  • 2012
  • Esteban, W. “Building Tomorrow: A Sustainable Future Starts in the Classroom.” Poster Session and Proceedings of the National Collegiate Research Conference. January,2012; Harvard College of Undergraduate Research Association, Harvard University.
  • Esteban, W. “A Pattern Book for Sustainable Educational Infrastructure in Uganda and Case Study for The Green Scale Research Project.”
  • Possley, E. “Bricks and Mortar Diplomacy: A Counterproposal to Kieran Timberlake’s design for the American Embassy in London and Case Study for The Green Scale Research Project.”
  • Tiffin, C. “The Marcel Bedard Institute for Teacher Education and Case Study for The Green Scale Research Project.”
  • Veenstra, K. “Case Studies in Sustainable Campus Design.” March 18-21. Proceedings of the 9th Annual Greening the Campus Conference (print). Ball State University.
  • Veenstra, K. “Case Studies in Sustainable Campus Design – a Comparative Analysis.” Undergraduate Capstone Thesis. April 2012. University of Notre Dame.
  • 2011
  • Myers, M., Miller, A., Possley, E., Esteban, W., dela Rosa, M., Weick, M. “Preservation by Relocation: An Analysis of the Transfer and Reuse of St. Gerard’s Roman Catholic Church, Buffalo, NY.” General Oral Session and Exhibition of Work, 4th Annual Undergraduate Scholars Conference. University of Notre Dame Center for Undergraduate Scholarly Engagement. May 2011.
  • Myers, M. “A Critical Analysis of the Necessity and Effectiveness of LEED and a Proposal for the Reimplementation of its Core Values.” General Oral Session, 4th Annual Undergraduate Scholars Conference. University of Notre Dame Center for Undergraduate Scholarly Engagement. May 2011.
  • 2010
  • Bernal-Cisneros, N. “Counter-proposal to the Chelsea Barracks Site, UK: Inherent Sustainable Design through Traditional Architecture & Urbanism: A Case Study for the Green Scale Research Project.”

Graduate

    2012
  • Parker, M., Master of Science, ESTEEM Program, University of Notre Dame Commercialization Thesis: “The Green Scale Digital Design and Analysis Tool.”
  • 2011
  • Casper, T. “A Comparative Analysis: The Design of a New Field Research and Education Campus for Notre Dame and Case Study for the Green Scale Research Project.”
  • 2010
  • Mellor, J. “Counter-Proposal for the Loyola University Information Commons – Chicago, Illinois and Case Study for The Green Scale Research Project.”

GreenScale-related Student Research Support

    2016
  • A. Gordon (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project / NSF
    The Slatt Fellowship Program (Competitive)
  • M. Gazda (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: FRSP 2012
  • 2015
  • T. Gutierrez (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • K. Chambers (M. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • M. Gazda (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2014 Kuert Concrete Sponsored Research Project
  • 2014
  • M. Gazda (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP and 2014 Kuert Concrete Sponsored Research Project
  • F. Rogg (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • K. Harding (BS. CEEES)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    2013 Slatt Fellowship Program (competitive)
  • K. Truesdell (MBA)
    Directed Study: The GreenScale
    Co-director: Wendy Angst, Mendoza College of Business
  • H. Ferguson (CSE – PhD)
    The GreenScale Digital Design and Analysis Tool
    Co-director: Jarek Nabrzyski, Center for Research Computing
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • C. Rogg (BE. AME)
    Co-director: David Go, Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
  • M. Reineccius (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project & related publications
  • 2013
  • K. Truesdell (MBA)
    The Green Scale Research Project
    Summer Commercialization Internship
    Sponsored: Innovation Park and Development
  • K. Harding (BE. CEEES)
    The Green Scale Research Project
    Slatt Fellowship Program
  • K. Veenstra (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • F. Rogg (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • H. Ferguson (CSE – PhD)
    The GreenScale Research Project
    Co-director: Jarek Nabrzyski, Center for Research Computing
    Sponsored: FRSP 2012
  • Na Yu (AME – PhD)
    The GreenScale Digital Design and Analysis Tool
    Co-advisor: Sam Paolucci
    Sponsored: FRSP 2012
  • C. Rogg (BE. AME)
    Co-director: D. Go, Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering
  • M. Reineccius (B. ARCH)
    The GreenScale Research Project & related publications
  • 2012
  • S. Hill (MBA), K. Trusdell (MBA), N. Zee (MBA)
    Directed Study: The GreenScale
    Co-director: W. Angst, Mendoza College of Business
  • R. Duke (M. ARCH), K. Veenstra (ARCH)
    The Green Scale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • Z. Woodruff (BS. AME)
    The Green Scale Digital Design & Analysis Tool
    Sponsored: CRC Research Experiences for Undergraduates (NSF-funded)
  • N. Yu (AME – PhD)
    The Green Scale Digital Design & Analysis Tool
    Sponsored: 2012 FRSP
  • 2011
  • R. Duke (M. ARCH), K. Veenstra (B. ARCH)
    Research Assistants, The Green Scale Research Project
    Sponsored: 2011 FRSP
  • 2010
  • M. Myers (B. ARCH))
    The Green Scale Research Project
    Sponsored: School of Architecture
  • E. Possley (B. ARCH))
    The Green Scale Research Project
    Sponsored: School of Architecture
@ A Glance
Collaborators
See All
Academy CURRENT

Tracy-Kijewski Correa

Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences

Alexandros Taflanidis

Civil and Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering

Charles F. Vardeman

Center for Research Computing

Industry
  • Sefaira
  • Kuert Concrete
  • Xeri-Pave
Affiliated Orgs
Recent notables

Intersections Symposium
AIA Convention 2016

10th Annual Conference of the EAAE/ARCC
Lisbon, Portugal